In A.A. Achimova´s book “Plants of Altai mountains in customs and traditions of the Altains” information is collected about the plants use as a totem, in ceremonies such as wedding or funeral, in birth and upbringing of a child, in the traditional kitchen, in medicine, in hunting. It is noted that although plants are still used by Altai people their importance in all activities is reduced. Number of people with knowledge of plants consumed in everyday life, is reduced. For each referred plant local names are given along with Russian and scientific Latin names, ethnic groups using these plants are given. Book contains characteristics of 141 species of plants from 40 families of natural flora. The work is illustrated with photographs presenting some points on plant cult in Altai. Book is a monument to ethnoculture, allowing preserving information on passing traditional values.Key words: ethnobotany, Altai.