The system and conspectus of the genus Anoplocaryum species (tribe Eritrichieae, Boraginaceae) with 2 sections are presented. The relict genus of tertiary mesophytic flora is present by 4 species. All species prefer shady damp crevices and foundation of granite rocks in mountain taiga zone and are distributed in East Siberia and Mongolia. Information about nomenclature and typification, data on ecology and geographical distribution, comments, map of areas, photos of nutlets, stipules and plants in nature, lists of examine specimens, as well as the key for determination of all taxons are given. In result of taxonomical revision new section Tenella is described, holotypes of 3 species are established, areas for all species are precised. New combination Microula brandisii is offered and lectotype is chosen. Recomendations for guarding of species are given.Key words: conspectus, system, Boraginaceae, Eritrichieae, Anoplocaryum, Siberia, Mongolia, nomenclature, area, re¬lict, eremus.