The interests of Russia, as a Eurasian state, must be geared not only toward the West, East and North but also toward the South. The transport capabilities of Transsib (Trans-Siberian Railroad) will be enhanced dramatically once it is connected with the Indian Ocean via a network of meridional railroads. In particular, this would provide an entry for grain exports into countries of Central and South Asia. Some elements of the Indo-Siberian arterial railroad are traceable even in the existing network of the former Soviet railroads in Central Asia. It is suggested that the project be started from the Chui–Fergana Trans-Kyrgyz Railroad.Keywords: Transsib, Central Asia, Indo-Siberian continental railroad, multimodal transport corridor, cargo transportation.